Apr 02, 2023


Glaucoma summary

Glaucoma overview for patients of Athens Eye Consultants, Dr Scotty Gadlin, located in Athens Georgia 30606.

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that can cause permanent vision loss and blindness if left untreated. It affects over 80 million people worldwide, and it is the leading cause of irreversible blindness. In this blog post, we will explore what glaucoma is, its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a condition that damages the optic nerve, which is responsible for transmitting visual information from the eye to the brain. This damage is usually caused by increased pressure inside the eye, which can gradually and painlessly damage the optic nerve.

There are two main types of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type and occurs when the drainage canals in the eye become clogged, leading to an increase in eye pressure. Angle-closure glaucoma, on the other hand, occurs when the iris is too close to the drainage canals, leading to a sudden increase in eye pressure.

What Causes Glaucoma?

The exact cause of glaucoma is not known, but several risk factors have been identified. These risk factors include age, family history of glaucoma, high eye pressure, thin corneas, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Symptoms of Glaucoma

In the early stages, glaucoma may not have any noticeable symptoms, and it can only be detected through regular eye exams. As the disease progresses, the following symptoms may occur:

  1. Loss of peripheral vision
  2. Blurred vision
  3. Seeing halos around lights
  4. Eye pain or redness
  5. Nausea or vomiting

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible.

Treatment Options for Glaucoma

Treatment for glaucoma aims to reduce eye pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. The treatment options for glaucoma include:

  1. Eye drops: These are usually the first line of treatment for glaucoma. They work by reducing the amount of fluid in the eye, which helps to lower eye pressure.

  2. Laser therapy: This procedure uses a laser to create small openings in the drainage canals in the eye, allowing fluid to drain more easily.

  3. Surgery: If eye drops and laser therapy are not effective, surgery may be required to create a new drainage channel in the eye or to reduce the production of fluid in the eye.

Preventing Glaucoma

Although there is no way to prevent glaucoma, you can reduce your risk of developing the condition by having regular eye exams: Regular eye exams can help detect glaucoma early and prevent further damage to the optic nerve.

In conclusion, glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can cause permanent vision loss and blindness. Early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing further damage to the optic nerve. If you are experiencing any symptoms of glaucoma, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible.