Apr 04, 2023


Overview of floaters

Floaters: What are they and Should You Be Concerned?

Have you ever noticed small specks, cobwebs or tiny shapes that seem to float around in your field of vision? These are called floaters and they are a common occurrence for many people. In fact, most people will experience floaters at some point in their lives. While floaters are generally harmless, in some cases, they can be a sign of a more serious eye problem.

What are Floaters?

Floaters are tiny specks, cobwebs or spots that drift across your visual field. They can appear as small dots, squiggly lines, or even tiny clouds. Floaters are actually tiny clumps of cells or gel that are suspended in the vitreous humor, the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the eye. When light enters the eye, it passes through the vitreous humor and is projected onto the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The floaters cast a shadow on the retina, which is what you see as a floater.

What Causes Floaters?

As we age, the vitreous humor begins to shrink and become more liquid. This process is called vitreous liquefaction. As the vitreous humor becomes more liquid, it can pull away from the retina and form clumps or strands. These clumps or strands are what we see as floaters.

Floaters can also be caused by other factors, such as:

  • Eye injuries
  • Eye diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy or uveitis
  • Eye surgery
  • Nearsightedness
  • Age-related macular degeneration

Should You Be Concerned About Floaters?

In most cases, floaters are harmless and will eventually fade away. However, if you suddenly develop a lot of floaters or you notice flashes of light or a loss of peripheral vision, you should see an eye doctor right away. These symptoms can be a sign of a retinal tear or detachment, which can lead to permanent vision loss if not treated promptly.

If you have a history of eye problems, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, or if you have had eye surgery in the past, you may be at a higher risk of developing floaters or other eye problems. It is important to have regular eye exams to monitor your eye health and catch any problems early.

Treatment for Floaters

In most cases, treatment for floaters is not necessary. However, if floaters are causing significant visual disturbance or affecting your quality of life, there are treatment options available. One option is vitrectomy, a surgical procedure in which the vitreous humor is removed and replaced with a saline solution. This procedure carries some risks and is generally reserved for severe cases.

Another option is laser treatment, which involves using a laser to break up the clumps or strands that are causing the floaters. This procedure is less invasive than vitrectomy, but it may not be effective for all types of floaters.

In conclusion, floaters are a common occurrence and are generally harmless. However, if you notice a sudden onset of floaters or other changes in your vision, it is important to see an eye doctor right away. Regular eye exams can also help to monitor your eye health and catch any problems early.